How to paraphrase
For your research, you use a lot of articles from other sources. However, you are not to use the texts found word for word. So how do we do this?
Basically, there are two techniques that we can use to embed findings from other sources: Quotations and paraphrases, while paraphrasing being the technique mostly used. (A text full of quotations is often hard to read.) This is why in this lesson, we are going to learn how to paraphrase.
What to do when you paraphrase
When you paraphrase, you give your own perspective on the material of other people by selecting information and presenting them in a new form or a new context. It is different from a summary in that it focuses on certain parts of a text and examines them in much greater detail, rather than summarizing complete concepts on the whole.
Learning through paraphrasing
Furthermore, people who regularly paraphrase learn more than others: For a good paraphrasing we need to have understood the text first and then discover words to express what is written in another way. This is why the following steps are useful when paraphrasing:
- Read the text first and understand it well.
- Write down your paraphrase without looking at the original text too often.
- Reflect on how to use this information in your own research.
- Check on passages or words that you have directly taken from the text; and embed them in quotation marks.
- Write down the source of your paraphrase.
Soon after motorized transport entered city streets, fatal crashes rose. Until hoofs left the streets permanently, there was a troublesome mix of modes with variable speeds, reliability and behaviour: Cars, were mechanically unsafe; horses, subject to fear, tantrums or sudden collapse; electric trams, to stalling; and pedestrians, to darting across streets at any convenient point.https://www.smartcitiesdive.com/ex/sustainablecitiescollective/crash-remedies-road-traffic-safety/1056501/
Take this passage, and paraphrase it. Write your answer into the form below.
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